A Structural Equation Model of Attachment between Adolescent Mothers and Their Own Mothers
31 มี.ค. 2564
Thai Pharmaceutical and Health Science Journal
Objective: To test the causal relationships of attachment between adolescent mothers and their own mothers. Methods: In this model-testing study, a multi-stage random sampling technique was used to recruit a total of 240 adolescent mothers aged 19 years of below living with their own mothers. Data were collected by using five self-reported questionnaires including a demographic form, the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, the Chulalongkorn Family Inventory, the Parental Stress Scale, and the Postpartum Support Questionnaire. Structural equation modeling analysis was conducted to test the model fit. Results: The final model was satisfactorily fit with the data (χ2 = 76.89, P-value = 0.07, df = 60, GFI = 0.96, CFI = 0.98, and RMSEA = 0.03) accounted for 40% of variance in the attachment. Family functioning, social support, and parenting stress had directed effects, and family functioning also had an indirect effect through social support on the attachment. Conclusion: Attachment between adolescent mothers and their own mothers need to be promoted. An intervention focused on increasing family functioning and social support, and decreasing parenting stress would be beneficial to the attachment.